Volume 31 Issue 2
Mar.  2022
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ZHU Tian, QIU Xiaokang, RAO Yu, YAN Hanbing, ZHOU Yu, SHI Guixin. HiAtGang: How to Mine the Gangs Hidden Behind DDoS Attacks[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2022, 31(2): 293-303. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.021
Citation: ZHU Tian, QIU Xiaokang, RAO Yu, YAN Hanbing, ZHOU Yu, SHI Guixin. HiAtGang: How to Mine the Gangs Hidden Behind DDoS Attacks[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2022, 31(2): 293-303. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.021

HiAtGang: How to Mine the Gangs Hidden Behind DDoS Attacks

doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.021
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB0804704) and the National Science Foundation of China (U1736218)
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  • Author Bio:

    was born in 1985. She received the Ph.D. degree in computer science from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunicaitons. Her research interests include network security and data mining. (Email: zhutian0403@163.com)

    was born in 1995. She received the bachelor’s degree in management from Beijing Forestry University and received the master’s degree in management from Beihang University. Her research interests include information security and artificial intelligence. (Email: qiuxiaokang724@163.com)

    was born in 1985. She received the B.E. degree in electronic information from Huazhong University of Science and Technology and the Ph.D. degree in electronic engineering from Tsinghua University. Her research interests includes network security and attack tracing. (Email: raoyu@cert.org.cn)

    (corresponding author) obtained the Ph.D. degree from the Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, China in 2006. His research interests include cyber security, image analysis and computer graphics. (Email: yhb@cert.org.cn)

    was born in 1986. She received the M.A. degree in simultaneous interpretation, foreign linguistics and applied linguistics from Beijing Foreign Studies University. Her research interests include governance of global cyberspace and international cooperation in cybersecurity. (Email: zhouyu@cert.org.cn)

    was born in 1991. She received the B.S. degree in electronic engineering from Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China, in 2014, and the Ph.D. degree in signal and information processing from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, in 2019. Her current research interests include network security and attack tracing. (Email: shiguixin@cert.org.cn)

  • Received Date: 2020-12-31
  • Accepted Date: 2021-09-17
  • Available Online: 2021-11-15
  • Publish Date: 2022-03-05
  • Identifying and determining behaviors of attack gangs is not only an advanced stage of the network security event tracing and analysis, but also a core step of large-scale combat and punishment of cyber attacks. Most of the work in the field of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack analysis has focused on DDoS attack detection, and a part of the work involves the research of DDoS attack sourcing. We find that very little work has been done on the mining and analysis of DDoS attack gangs. DDoS attack gangs naturally have the attributes of human community relations. We propose a framework named HiAtGang, in which we define the concept of the gang detection in DDoS attacks and introduce the community analysis technology into DDoS attack gang analysis. Different attacker clustering algorithms are compared and analyzed. Based on analysis results of massive DDoS attack events that recorded by CNCERT/CC (The National Computer Network Emergency Response Technical Team/Coordination Center of China), the effective gang mining and attribute calibration have been achieved. More than 250 DDoS attack gangs have been successfully tracked. Our research fills the gaps in the field of the DDoS attack gang detection and has supported CNCERT/CC in publishing “Analysis Report on DDoS Attack Resources” for three consecutive years and achieved a good practical effect on combating DDoS attack crimes.
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