CAI Baigen, WU Boqian, LU Debiao. Survey of Performance Evaluation Standardization and Research Methods on GNSS-Based Localization for Railways[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2020, 29(1): 22-33. doi: 10.1049/cje.2019.09.003
Citation: CAI Baigen, WU Boqian, LU Debiao. Survey of Performance Evaluation Standardization and Research Methods on GNSS-Based Localization for Railways[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2020, 29(1): 22-33. doi: 10.1049/cje.2019.09.003

Survey of Performance Evaluation Standardization and Research Methods on GNSS-Based Localization for Railways

doi: 10.1049/cje.2019.09.003
Funds:  This work is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No.2018YFB1201500) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.61603027, No.U1734203, No.61490705).
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  • Corresponding author: LU Debiao (corresponding author) was born in Jiangsu, China, in 1986. received the B.S. degree in telecommunication engineering and the M.S. degree in traffic information engineering and control from Beijing Jiaotong University, in 2008 and 2010, respectively, where he is currently an associate professor with the School of Electronic and Information Engineering. He received the Ph.D. degree with the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technische Universtät Braunschweig, under the Guidance of Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. Eckehard Schnieder, from 2010 to 2014. His research interests include satellite positioning and safety relevant GNSS certification for transport applications. (
  • Received Date: 2019-04-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-07-19
  • Publish Date: 2020-01-10
  • Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) has been regarded as a key technology for train localization in the future, as GNSS-based localization can reduce the deployment of wayside equipment, and offer a high-accuracy determination in a cost effective way. However, the standardization of GNSS-based localization performance characteristics has not been done in railway. This can restrict the development of GNSS for safety related applications, which need critical requirement for the. The main objective of this paper is to provide a survey of research dealing with performance evaluation standardization. Train localization technique and performance requirement in Chinese train control system (CTCS), GNSS performance characteristics suggested in standards and guidelines, characteristics of accuracy/integrity/reliability/availability/safety for GNSS-based train localization and related evaluation approaches are presented. Some issues in GNSS-based train localization are highlighted based on the survey.
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