Volume 30 Issue 2
Apr.  2021
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ZHANG Ying, HE Zhengyuan, JIA Linpeng, DING Donghui, ZHANG Hanwen, SUN Yi. LOPE: A Low-Overhead Payment Verification Method for Blockchains[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2021, 30(2): 349-358. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.02.008
Citation: ZHANG Ying, HE Zhengyuan, JIA Linpeng, DING Donghui, ZHANG Hanwen, SUN Yi. LOPE: A Low-Overhead Payment Verification Method for Blockchains[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2021, 30(2): 349-358. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.02.008

LOPE: A Low-Overhead Payment Verification Method for Blockchains

doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.02.008

the National Key R&D Program of China 2019YFB1404903

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61672499

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61772502

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61972382

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61974105

Key Special Project of Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Z181100003218018

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  • Author Bio:

    ZHANG Ying   received the B.S. degree in computer science from Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China in 2006 and the Ph.D. degree from the Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, in 2011. He is a member of IEEE and CCF. His research interests include signal integrity, reliable design of network-onchip, wireless sensor networks, and blockchain.(Email: yingzhang@tongji.edu.cn)

  • Corresponding author: SUN Yi   (corresponding author) received his B.S. degree from Zhejiang University in 2002, and Ph.D. degree from Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2007. He is currently a professor of Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. His recent research interests include the blockchain and DApp design. (Email: sunyi@ict.ac.cn)
  • Received Date: 2019-11-04
  • Accepted Date: 2020-06-01
  • Publish Date: 2021-03-01
  • With its characteristics of decentralization, security, data traceability, and tamper-resistance, the blockchain has been widely used in various domains. Considering the difference in the performance of the devices, the light client is proposed so that devices without the ability to store a full blockchain copy can also participate in the blockchain transactions. However, the light client has to communicate with full nodes and verify the authenticity of a transaction which brings in some extent of communication, computation, and storage overheads to the light client. These overheads cannot be ignored for some low-performance devices, such as embedded devices or IoT chips, and therefore the current light client scheme does not work in this situation. We propose LOPE (a Low-overhead payment vErification method) for poor-capacity nodes in the blockchain system. In LOPE, a grouping protocol is designed to partition full nodes into groups to serve the verification requests of the light client. In addition, Practical byzantine fault tolerance (PBFT) is used to ensure the light client to get a credible result in spite of a few dishonest nodes existing in the group. We conduct LOPE and evaluate it in a testbed. The experiment results show that LOPE reduces more than half of the communication overhead, degrades the computation overhead of the light client to a large extent, and avoids the storage overhead of the hash roots of block headers in the light client. We also conduct theoretical analysis to show the performance improvement and security issues of LOPE.
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