LI Jinfeng, WANG Hongxia, JING Yi. Audio Perceptual Hashing Based on NMF and MDCT Coefficients[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2015, 24(3): 579-583. doi: 10.1049/cje.2015.07.024
Citation: LI Jinfeng, WANG Hongxia, JING Yi. Audio Perceptual Hashing Based on NMF and MDCT Coefficients[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2015, 24(3): 579-583. doi: 10.1049/cje.2015.07.024

Audio Perceptual Hashing Based on NMF and MDCT Coefficients

doi: 10.1049/cje.2015.07.024
Funds:  This work is supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (No.61170226, No.61373180), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No.SWJTU12ZT02), the Young Innovative Research Team of Sichuan Province (No.2011JTD0007), and Chengdu Science and Technology program (No.12DXYB214JH-002).
  • Received Date: 2014-08-29
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-10-11
  • Publish Date: 2015-07-10
  • Audio perceptual hashing is a digest of audio contents, which is independent of content preserving manipulations, such as MP3 compression, amplitude scaling, noise addition, etc. It provides a fast and reliable tool for identification, retrieval, and authentication of audio signals. A new audio hashing scheme based on non- Negative matrix factorization (NMF) of Modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) coefficients is proposed. MDCT coefficients, which have been widely used in audio coding, exhibit good discrimination for different audio contents and highly robustness against content preserving manipulations, especially MDCT based compression such as MP3, AAC, etc. Based on the extraction of MDCT coefficients of the audio frames firstly, NMF is used to construct hash bits. Experiment results demonstrate that, compared with methods mentioned in literature, the proposed scheme exhibits a high efficiency in terms of discrimination, perceptual robustness identification rate and time consumption.
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