PEI Tingrui, LEI Fangqing, LI Zhetao, ZHU Gengming, PENG Xin, Youngjune CHOI, Hiroo SEKIYA. A Delay-Aware Congestion Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2017, 26(3): 591-599. doi: 10.1049/cje.2017.04.010
Citation: PEI Tingrui, LEI Fangqing, LI Zhetao, ZHU Gengming, PENG Xin, Youngjune CHOI, Hiroo SEKIYA. A Delay-Aware Congestion Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2017, 26(3): 591-599. doi: 10.1049/cje.2017.04.010

A Delay-Aware Congestion Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

doi: 10.1049/cje.2017.04.010
Funds:  This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.61372049, No.61379115, No.61311140261, No.61100215, No.61300039), Basic Science Research Program Through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No.2015R1D1A1A01058025), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No.13JJ8006, No.12JJ9021, No.14JJ3130), and the Construct Program of the Key Discipline in Hunan Province.
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  • Corresponding author: LI Zhetao (corresponding author) is a professor and master supervisor in Xiangtan University. His main research interests include wireless network and compressive sensing.(Email:liztchina@hotmail.com)
  • Received Date: 2015-01-13
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-06-18
  • Publish Date: 2017-05-10
  • In wireless sensor networks, congestion leads to buffer overflowing, and increases delay. The traditional solutions use rate adjustment to mitigate congestion, thus increasing the delay. A Delay-aware congestion control protocol (DACC) was presented to mitigate congestion and decrease delay. In order to improve the accuracy of the existing congestion detection model which is based on the buffer occupancy of a single node, DACC presents a new model considering both the real-time buffer occupancy and the average transmission time of packets. DACC uses the untapped bits in the IEEE 802.11 Distributed coordination function (DCF) frames header to carry congestion information. During the congestion alleviation period, DACC presents a channel occupancy mechanism which is based on the real-time buffer occupancy for the purpose of decreasing delay and preventing packet loss. Simulation results indicate that in terms of delay, packet delivery ratio, collision and buffer load, DACC has comparative advantages than those of 802.11 DCF, Priority-based congestion control protocol (PCCP) and Decoupling congestion control and fairness (DCCF).
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