LIU Xingtong, WANG Jian, LI Ruilin, ZHANG Chen. Security Analysis of Stochastic Routing Scheme in Grid-Shaped Partially-Trusted Relay Quantum Key Distribution Network[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2018, 27(2): 234-240. doi: 10.1049/cje.2018.01.013
Citation: LIU Xingtong, WANG Jian, LI Ruilin, ZHANG Chen. Security Analysis of Stochastic Routing Scheme in Grid-Shaped Partially-Trusted Relay Quantum Key Distribution Network[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2018, 27(2): 234-240. doi: 10.1049/cje.2018.01.013

Security Analysis of Stochastic Routing Scheme in Grid-Shaped Partially-Trusted Relay Quantum Key Distribution Network

doi: 10.1049/cje.2018.01.013
Funds:  This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.61601476).
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  • Corresponding author: WANG Jian (corresponding author) was born in 1975, doctor, professor at Department of Communication Engineering, School of Electronic Science, National University of Defense Technology. His research interests include quantum cryptography, information security, and network security (Email:jwang@nudt.edu.cn)
  • Received Date: 2017-03-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-07-14
  • Publish Date: 2018-03-10
  • Quantum key distribution (QKD) technology provides proved unconditional security in pointto-point key transmissions based on quantum mechanics. However, several limitations, most prominently range, make it complex to construct large QKD network. The trusted relay QKD network is the most practical scene, and stochastic routing scheme was proposed to solve the fatal problem that some relay nodes may be controlled by adversary. But most results in stochastic routing scheme hinge on an adversary model without consideration of attacker's prior-knowledge and attack strategy. To reveal the security problem, we propose a new adversary model and apply it in grid-shaped partially-trusted relay QKD network. Then we analyze the best attack strategy and the impact on security under various situations respectively. Analysis and simulation results show that in some cases the security of stochastic routing scheme will be compromised, and a generalized upper bound for the overall safe probability is obtained. We also discuss how to alleviate the security problem, making the network more robust to attacks.
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