Volume 32 Issue 1
Jan.  2023
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KONG Zixiao, XUE Jingfeng, WANG Yong, ZHANG Qian, HAN Weijie, ZHU Yufen. MalFSM: Feature Subset Selection Method for Malware Family Classification[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2023, 32(1): 26-38. doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.038
Citation: KONG Zixiao, XUE Jingfeng, WANG Yong, ZHANG Qian, HAN Weijie, ZHU Yufen. MalFSM: Feature Subset Selection Method for Malware Family Classification[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2023, 32(1): 26-38. doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.038

MalFSM: Feature Subset Selection Method for Malware Family Classification

doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.038
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (62172042), Major Scientific and Technological Innovation Projects of Shandong Province (2020CXGC010116), and the National Key Research & Development Program of China (2020YFB1712104)
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  • Author Bio:

    Zixiao KONG was born in 1996. She takes a successive postgraduate and doctoral program at Beijing Institute of Technology, majored in Cyberspace Security. Her research interests include cyber security and machine learning. She has a B.S. degree in software engineering. (Email: 3120185534@bit.edu.cn)

    Jingfeng XUE was born in 1975. He is a Professor and Ph.D. Supervisor in Beijing Institute of Technology. His main research interests focus on network security, data security, and software security. (Email: xuejf@bit.edu.cn)

    Yong WANG was born in 1975. She is an Associate Professor of Beijing Institute of Technology. Her main research interests focus on cyber security and machine learning. (Email: wangyong@bit.edu.cn)

    Qian ZHANG (corresponding author) was born in Inner Mongolia, China, in 1986. She graduated from the School of Software, Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) in 2012. She is an Assistant Experimentalist of BIT now, and her research interests include software security and software testing. (Email: zhangqian16@bit.edu.cn)

    Weijie HAN received the B.E. and M.E. degrees from Space Engineering University in 2003 and 2006, respectively, and received the Ph.D. degree from BIT in 2020. He is currently a Lecturer in Space Engineering University. His current research interest includes malware detection and APT detection. (Email: bit_hwj2016@126.com)

    Yufen ZHU received the B.E. degree in 2006. She is currently an Engineer in the Software Evaluation Center of Beijing Institute of Technology. Her research interests include malware analysis and network anomalies detection. (Email: visc_hwj@126.com)

  • Received Date: 2022-03-09
  • Accepted Date: 2022-05-13
  • Available Online: 2022-05-27
  • Publish Date: 2023-01-05
  • Malware detection has been a hot spot in cyberspace security and academic research. We investigate the correlation between the opcode features of malicious samples and perform feature extraction, selection and fusion by filtering redundant features, thus alleviating the dimensional disaster problem and achieving efficient identification of malware families for proper classification. Malware authors use obfuscation technology to generate a large number of malware variants, which imposes a heavy analysis burden on security researchers and consumes a lot of resources in both time and space. To this end, we propose the MalFSM framework. Through the feature selection method, we reduce the 735 opcode features contained in the Kaggle dataset to 16, and then fuse on metadata features (count of file lines and file size) for a total of 18 features, and find that the machine learning classification is efficient and high accuracy. We analyzed the correlation between the opcode features of malicious samples and interpreted the selected features. Our comprehensive experiments show that the highest classification accuracy of MalFSM can reach up to 98.6% and the classification time is only 7.76 s on the Kaggle malware dataset of Microsoft.
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