Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Shuo CUI, Yaoyao LI, Shijian ZHANG, et al., “A Polarization Control Operator for Polarized Electromagnetic Wave Designing,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 1–8, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.410
Citation: Shuo CUI, Yaoyao LI, Shijian ZHANG, et al., “A Polarization Control Operator for Polarized Electromagnetic Wave Designing,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 1–8, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.410

A Polarization Control Operator for Polarized Electromagnetic Wave Designing

doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.410
More Information
  • Author Bio:

    Shuo CUI was born in Hebei Province, China. She received the B.E. degree in applied physics from Beihang University. She is currently a Ph.D. candidate of School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University. Her research interests include computational electromagnetics and electromagnetic environment. (Email: cuishuo@buaa.edu.cn)

    Yaoyao LI received the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic environment from Beihang University, Beijing, China, in 2017, where he is currently an Associate Professor of electronic science and technology. His current research interests include electromagnetic compatibility and computational electromagnetics. (Email: liyaoyao@buaa.edu.cn)

    Shijian ZHANG was born in Liaoning Province, China. He received the B.E. degree from Air Force Radar Academy, Wuhan, China. He is currently working toward the M.S. degree at Beihang University, Beijing, China. His research interests include electromagnetic scattering measurements and electromagnetic compatibility. (Email: zsjhappy6058@163.com)

    Ling CHEN was born in Zhejiang Province, China. She received the B.E. degree in Measurement and Control Technology and Instrument from China Jiliang University. She is a M.S. candidate of Beihang University. Her research interests include instrumentation and control equipments and electromagnetic compatibility. (Email: zy2143209@buaa.edu.cn)

    Cheng CAO was born in Hubei Province, China. He received the B.E. degree in electronic information engineering from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Ph.D. degree in circuit and system from Beihang University. His research interests includes system level electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic calculation software. (Email: caocheng8230@buaa.edu.cn)

    Donglin SU Senior Member, IEEE, received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Beihang University, Beijing, China, in 1983, 1986, and 1999, respectively. In 1986, she joined the Faculty of School of Electronics and Information Engineering, BUAA, where she was first an Assistant, then a Lecturer, later on an Associate Professor, and is currently a Full Professor. From 1996 to 1998, she was a Visiting Scholar with the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA, under the BUAA-UCLA Joint Ph.D. Program. She has authored more than 100 papers and coauthored several books. Her research interests include the numerical methods for microwave and millimeterwave integrated circuits and systematic electromagnetic compatibility design of various aircrafts. Dr. Su is a Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. She is a Fellow of the Chinese Institute of Electronics. She is the Chair of Beijing Chapter of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society and the Deputy Chair of the Antennas Society, Chinese Institute of Electronics. She was the recipient of the National Science and Technology Advancement Award of China in 2007 and 2012, and the National Technology Invention Award of China in 2018. (Email: sdl@buaa.edu.cn)

  • Corresponding author: Email: liyaoyao@buaa.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-11-29
  • Accepted Date: 2022-12-21
  • Available Online: 2023-01-14
  • To describe and control the polarization state of electromagnetic waves, a polarization control operator of the complex vector form is proposed. Distinct from traditional descriptors, the proposed operator employs an angle parameter to configure the polarization state of the polarized wave. By setting the parameter in the proposed operator, the amplitude of the field components can be modified, resulting in changes in the magnitude and direction of the field vector, and thus realizing control of the polarization state of the electromagnetic wave. The physical meaning, orthogonal decomposition, and discrete property of the proposed operator are demonstrated through mathematical derivation. In the simulation examples, the polarization control operator with fixed and time-varying parameters is applied to the circularly polarized wave. The propagation waveform, the trajectory projection and the waveform cross section in different reception directions of the new electromagnetic waves are observed. The results show that complex electromagnetic waves with more flexible polarization states can be obtained with the aid of the polarization operator.
  • loading
  • [1]
    L. H. Pang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, et al., “Investigation and comparison of 5G channel models: from QuaDRiGa, NYUSIM, and MG5G perspectives,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 1–17, 2022. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.103
    H. Huang, Y. Liu, and S. X. Gong, “Broadband dual-polarized omnidirectional antenna for 2G/3G/LTE/WiFi applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, pp. 576–579, 2016. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2015.2458981
    F. Yildirim, A. S. Sadri, and H. P. Liu, “Polarization effects for indoor wireless communications at 60 GHz,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 660–662, 2008. doi: 10.1109/LCOMM.2008.080757
    X. S. Wang, Y. Z. Li, H. Y. Dai, et al., “Research on instantaneous polarization radar system and external experiment,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 55, no. 15, pp. 1560–1567, 2010. doi: 10.1007/s11434-010-3102-y
    L. F. Shi, X. S. Wang, and S. P. Xiao, “Polarization discrimination between repeater false-target and radar target,” Science in China Series F:Information Sciences, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 149–158, 2009. doi: 10.1007/s11432-009-0009-9
    H. Mott, Polarization in Antennas and Radar. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, pp.54–108, 1986.
    R. C. Jones, “A new calculus for the treatment of optical systems I. Description and discussion of the calculus,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 488–493, 1941. doi: 10.1364/JOSA.31.000488
    Z. C. Yang and K. F. Warnick, “Analysis and design of intrinsically dual circular polarized microstrip antennas using an equivalent circuit model and Jones matrix formulation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 3858–3868, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2583461
    I. Moreno, M. J. Yzuel, J. Campos, et al., “Jones matrix treatment for polarization Fourier optics,” Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 51, no. 14, pp. 2031–2038, 2004. doi: 10.1080/09500340408232511
    G. G. Stokes, On the Theories of the Internal Friction of Fluids in Motion, and of the Equilibrium and Motion of Elastic Solids. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.75–129, 2009.
    M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, 6th ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, pp.23–36, 1980.
    G. Milione, H. I. Sztul, D. A. Nolan, et al., “Higher-order Poincaré sphere, Stokes parameters, and the angular momentum of light,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 107, no. 5, article no. 053601, 2011. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.053601
    G. A. Deschamps and P. Mast, “Poincaré sphere representation of partially polarized fields,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 474–478, 1973. doi: 10.1109/TAP.1973.1140516
    H. Jiang, Y. Yao, T. Xiu, et al., “High-gain dual circularly polarized antenna for air-to-ground wireless link,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 555–561, 2022. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.257
    X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, et al., “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 3522–3530, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2434392
    Z. Ul Abidin, P. Xiao, M. Amin, et al., “Circular polarization modulation for digital communication systems,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks & Digital Signal Processing, Poznan, Poland, pp.1–6, 2012.
    S. H. Doan, S. C. Kwon, and H. G. Yeh, “Achievable capacity of multipolarization MIMO with the practical polarization-agile antennas,” IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 3081–3092, 2021. doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2020.2999920
    J. L. Zhang, K. J. Kim, A. A. Glazunov, et al., “Generalized polarization-space modulation,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 258–273, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TCOMM.2019.2947457
    A. Al-Wahhamy, H. Al-Rizzo, and N. E. Buris, “Efficient evaluation of massive MIMO channel capacity,” IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 614–620, 2020. doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2019.2900006
    G. W. Yang, J. Y. Li, B. Cao, et al., “A compact reconfigurable microstrip antenna with multidirectional beam and multipolarization,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 1358–1363, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2883663
    D. Yang, Y. Xi, H. Q. Zhai, et al., “High-gain polarization reconfigurable antenna applied to 5G communication frequency band,” in Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, Shanghai, China, pp.1–3, 2020.
    D. D. Liu, L. Q. Gui, K. Chen, et al., “Theoretical analysis and comparison of OAM waves generated by three kinds of antenna array,” Digital Communications and Networks, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16–28, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.dcan.2020.09.009
    X. W. Xiong, S. L. Zheng, Z. L. Zhu, et al., “Experimental study of plane spiral OAM mode-group based MIMO communications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 641–653, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3098518
    C. Xu, S. L. Zheng, W. T. Zhang, et al., “Free-space radio communication employing OAM multiplexing based on Rotman lens,” IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 738–740, 2016. doi: 10.1109/LMWC.2016.2597262
    D. L. Su, A. X. Chen, S. G. Xie, et al., Electromagnetic Field and Electromagnetic Wave. Higher Education Press, Beijing, China, pp. 356–357, 2009 (in Chinese)
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(11)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (281) PDF downloads(34) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint