Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Jiwei LIAN, Chun GENG, Xue LU, et al., “Wideband Circularly Polarized Substrate-Integrated Waveguide Aperture-Coupled Metasurface Antenna Array for Millimeter-Wave Applications,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. x, no. x, pp. 1–11, xxxx doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.029
Citation: Jiwei LIAN, Chun GENG, Xue LU, et al., “Wideband Circularly Polarized Substrate-Integrated Waveguide Aperture-Coupled Metasurface Antenna Array for Millimeter-Wave Applications,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. x, no. x, pp. 1–11, xxxx doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.029

Wideband Circularly Polarized Substrate-Integrated Waveguide Aperture-Coupled Metasurface Antenna Array for Millimeter-Wave Applications

doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.029
More Information
  • Author Bio:

    Jiwei LIAN was born in Guangdong, China. He received the B.S. degree in electronic science and technology from Hunan University, Changsha, China, in 2015, and the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic field and microwave technology from the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), Chengdu, China, in 2020. From 2018 to 2020, he was a Visiting Student with the Global Big Data Technologies Centre, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia. He is currently an Associate Professor with the School of Microelectronics (School of Integrated Circuits), Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China. He has authored or coauthored over 30 papers in peer-reviewed international journals and conference proceedings. His current research interests include beam-forming networks, multibeam antennas, and metasurface technologies. Dr. Lian is serving as a reviewer for several international journals, including the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. (Email: lianjiwei@njust.edu.cn)

    Chun GENG was born in Jiangsu, China. He is currently pursuing the B.S. degree with the Qian Xuesen College, Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NJUST), Nanjing, China. His current research interests include multibeam antennas, beamforming networks and mm-wave antenna arrays. Mr. Geng was the recipient of First Place Award for the IEEE MTT-S Multilingual Graduate Video Competition at IEEE International Wireless Symposium in 2023, the Scholarship of Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2023. (Email: chungeng011226@163.com)

    Xue LU was born in Jiangsu, China. She received the B.S. degree from Taizhou Institute of Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Taizhou, China, in 2020, and M.S. degree from Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China, in 2023. Her current research interests include End-fire antennas, and metasurface antennas

    Dazhi DING received the B.Sc. and Ph.D degrees in electromagnetic field and microwave technique from Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NJUST), Nanjing, China, in 2002 and 2007, respectively. During 2005, he was with the Center of wireless Communication in the City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, as a Research Assistant. He joined the Department of Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NJUST), Nanjing, China, where he became a Lecturer in 2007. In 2014, he was promoted to Full Professor in NJUST. He was appointed Head of the Department of Communication Engineering, NJUST in September 2014. He was appointed Director of Academic Affairs Office in 2021. His current research interests include computational electromagnetics, electromagnetic scattering and radiation. He has authored or coauthored more than 80 papers. He is the recipient of the Foundation for China Excellent Young Investigators presented by the National Science Foundation (NSF) of China in 2015. (Email: dzding@njust.edu.cn)

  • Corresponding author: Email: dzding@njust.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2023-02-01
  • Accepted Date: 2023-09-07
  • Available Online: 2023-12-13
  • A wideband circularly polarized (CP) aperture-coupled metasurface antenna operating at millimeter-wave frequency spectrum in substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) technology is proposed. Such a proposed metasurface antenna is composed of two substrates. The first substrate contains an end-shorted SIW section with a slot etched. The introduced metasurface is printed on the top of the second substrate. The metasurface is comprised of 3 × 3 unit cells, each of which contains two interconnected patches and two parasitic patches. The working mechanism of the proposed metasurface antenna is illustrated in details. The proposed metasurface antenna has wide impedance bandwidth and axial ratio (AR) bandwidth, which are 66.7% and 40%, respectively. Using the proposed metasurface antenna, a 4 × 4 CP metasurface antenna array with an impedance bandwidth of 24%, an AR bandwidth of 30%, and a peak gain of 18.7 dBic in simulation is developed in this paper for millimeter-wave applications.
  • loading
  • [1]
    J. F. Wang, Y. Li, Z. H. Jiang, et al., “Metantenna: When metasurface meets antenna again,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 1332–1347, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2969246
    [2]
    J. W. Lian, Y. L. Ban, and Y. J. Guo, “Wideband dual-layer Huygens’ metasurface for high-gain multibeam array antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 7521–7531, 2021. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3076669
    [3]
    Z. Wang, S. X. Liu, and Y. D. Dong, “Low-profile metasurface-based antenna with tripolarization for 5G applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 5437–5445, 2021. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3061013
    [4]
    N. S. Nie, X. S. Yang, Z. N. Chen, et al., “A low-profile wideband hybrid metasurface antenna array for 5G and WiFi systems,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 665–671, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2940367
    [5]
    G. P. Gao, R. F. Zhang, W. F. Geng, et al., “Characteristic mode analysis of a nonuniform metasurface antenna for wearable applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1355–1359, 2020. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2020.3001049
    [6]
    G. H. Liu, J. Y. Liu, S. Zhao, et al., “Ultra-wideband low-detectable coding metasurface,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1265–1270, 2019. doi: 10.1049/cje.2019.07.002
    [7]
    A. Darvazehban, S. A. Rezaeieh, A. Zamani, et al., “Pattern reconfigurable metasurface antenna for electromagnetic torso imaging,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 5453–5462, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2916576
    [8]
    K. Zhang, P. J. Soh, and S. Yan, “Design of a compact dual-band textile antenna based on metasurface,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 211–221, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2022.3151243
    [9]
    A. H. Naqvi and S. Lim, “Microfluidically polarization-switchable metasurfaced antenna,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2255–2259, 2018. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2018.2872108
    [10]
    J. Wang, W. Wang, A. M. Liu, et al., “Miniaturized dual-polarized metasurface antenna with high isolation,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 337–341, 2021. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2021.3049856
    [11]
    J. Wu, Z. X. Zhang, X. G. Ren, et al., “A broadband electronically mode-reconfigurable orbital angular momentum metasurface antenna,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1482–1486, 2019. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2019.2920695
    [12]
    H. H. Tran and H. C. Park, “Wideband reconfigurable antenna with simple biasing circuit and tri-polarization diversity,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2001–2005, 2019. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2019.2936211
    [13]
    J. F. Wang, H. Wong, Z. Q. Ji, et al., “Broadband CPW-fed aperture coupled metasurface antenna,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 517–520, 2019. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2019.2895618
    [14]
    T. Li and Z. N. Chen, “Wideband sidelobe-level reduced Ka-band metasurface antenna array fed by substrate-integrated gap waveguide using characteristic mode analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 1356–1365, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2943330
    [15]
    J. W. Lian, D. Z. Ding, and R. S. Chen, “Wideband millimeter-wave substrate-integrated waveguide-fed metasurface antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 5335–5344, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2022.3161529
    [16]
    T. Li and Z. N. Chen, “Wideband substrate-integrated waveguide-fed endfire metasurface antenna array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 7032–7040, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2871716
    [17]
    L. Gu, W. Yang, W. Feng, et al., “Low-profile ultrawideband circularly polarized metasurface antenna array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1714–1718, 2020. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2020.3014436
    [18]
    R. Xu, S. S. Gao, J. Liu, et al., “Analysis and design of ultrawideband circularly polarized antenna and array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 12, pp. 7842–7853, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2998922
    [19]
    W. He, Y. J. He, Y. Li, et al., “A compact ultrawideband circularly polarized antenna array with shared partial patches,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2280–2284, 2021. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2021.3107218
    [20]
    T. W. Yue, Z. H. Jiang, and D. H. Werner, “A compact metasurface-enabled dual-band dual-circularly polarized antenna loaded with complementary split ring resonators,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 794–803, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2882616
    [21]
    S. H. Liu, D. Q. Yang, Y. P. Chen, et al., “Compatible integration of circularly polarized omnidirectional metasurface antenna with solar cells,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 4155–4160, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2949713
    [22]
    Y. Juan, W. C. Yang, and W. Q. Che, “Miniaturized low-profile circularly polarized metasurface antenna using capacitive loading,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 3527–3532, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2902735
    [23]
    W. C. Yang, Q. Meng, W. Q. Che, et al., “Low-profile wideband dual-circularly polarized metasurface antenna array with large beamwidth,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1613–1616, 2018. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2018.2857625
    [24]
    Z. Wu, L. Li, Y. J. Li, et al., “Metasurface superstrate antenna with wideband circular polarization for satellite communication application,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15 pp. 374–377, 2016. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2015.2446505
    [25]
    W. C. Yang, K. W. Tam, W. W. Choi, et al., “Novel polarization rotation technique based on an artificial magnetic conductor and its application in a low-profile circular polarization antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 6206–6216, 2014. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2361130
    [26]
    Y. J. Huang, L. Yang, J. Li, et al., “Polarization conversion of metasurface for the application of wide band low-profile circular polarization slot antenna,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 109, no. 5, article no. 054101, 2016. doi: 10.1063/1.4960198
    [27]
    S. X. Ta and I. Park, “Low-profile broadband circularly polarized patch antenna using metasurface,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 5929–5934, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2487993
    [28]
    K. E. Kedze, H. Wang, and I. Park, “A metasurface-based wide-bandwidth and high-gain circularly polarized patch antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 732–737, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3098574
    [29]
    C. F. Zhou, S. W. Cheung, Q. L. Li, et al., “Bandwidth and gain improvement of a crossed slot antenna with metasurface,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 21, article no. 211603, 2017. doi: 10.1063/1.4984276
    [30]
    Y. Yang, Y. L. Ban, Q. L. Yang, et al., “Millimeter wave wide-angle scanning circularly polarized antenna array with a novel polarizer,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 1077–1086, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3111255
    [31]
    J. L. Chen, B. T. Feng, Q. S. Zeng, et al., “A metasurface antenna with dual circularly polarization for 5G millimeter-wave applications,” in 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Electronic Information and Communication Technology (ICEICT), Shenzhen, China, pp. 697–699, 2020.
    [32]
    D. M. Xu, B. Liu, X. K. Sun, et al., “A circularly polarized metasurface antenna based on substrate integrated double line,” in 2021 13th Global Symposium on Millimeter-Waves & Terahertz (GSMM), Nanjing, China, pp. 1–3, 2021.
    [33]
    W. E. I. Liu, Z. N. Chen, and X. M. Qing, “Compact wideband metasurface-based circularly polarized antenna for Ka-band phased array,” in 2017 IEEE-APS Topical Conference on Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications, Verona, Italy, pp. 17–20, 2017.
    [34]
    N. Hussain, M. J. Jeong, A. Abbas, et al., “Metasurface-based single-layer wideband circularly polarized MIMO antenna for 5G millimeter-wave systems,” IEEE Access, vol. 8 pp. 130293–130304, 2020. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3009380
    [35]
    Z. H. Jiang, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, et al., “Integrated broadband circularly polarized multibeam antennas using berry-phase transmit-arrays for Ka-band applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 859–872, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2944547
    [36]
    N. Hussain, M. J. Jeong, A. Abbas, et al., “A metasurface-based low-profile wideband circularly polarized patch antenna for 5G millimeter-wave systems,” IEEE Access, vol. 8 pp. 22127–22135, 2020. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2969964
    [37]
    Y. J. Li and K. M. Luk, “A 60-GHz wideband circularly polarized aperture-coupled magneto-electric dipole antenna array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 1325–1333, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2537390
    [38]
    Z. Q. Ji, G. H. Sun, and H. Wong, “A wideband circularly polarized complementary antenna for millimeter-wave applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 2392–2400, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3083782
    [39]
    X. T. Xie, L. Zhang, Q. W. Ji, et al., “Parasitic elements loaded MM-wave s-dipole antenna with wide bandwidth and high gain,” in 2021 International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology (ICMMT), Nanjing, China, pp. 1–3, 2021.
    [40]
    M. Ferrando-Rocher, J. I. Herranz-Herruzo, A. Valero-Nogueira, et al., “Circularly polarized slotted waveguide array with improved axial ratio performance,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 4144–4148, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2586492
    [41]
    J. J. Wu, Y. Z. Yin, Z. D. Wang, et al., “Broadband circularly polarized patch antenna with parasitic strips,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14 pp. 559–562, 2015. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2014.2373823
    [42]
    C. M. Zhu, G. H. Xu, D. W. Ding, et al., “Low-profile wideband millimeter-wave circularly polarized antenna with hexagonal parasitic patches,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1651–1655, 2021. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2021.3092139
    [43]
    L. Xiang, F. Wu, C. Yu, et al., “A wideband circularly polarized magneto-electric dipole antenna array for millimeter-wave applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 3876–3881, 2022. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3137459
    [44]
    Z. Gan, Z. H. Tu, Z. M. Xie, et al., “Compact wideband circularly polarized microstrip antenna array for 45 GHz application,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 6388–6392, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2863243
    [45]
    H. F. Xu, J. Y. Zhou, K. Zhou, et al., “Planar wideband circularly polarized cavity-backed stacked patch antenna array for millimeter-wave applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 5170–5179, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2862345
    [46]
    Q. Zhu, K. B. Ng, and C. H. Chan, “Printed circularly polarized spiral antenna array for millimeter-wave applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 636–643, 2017. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2640019
    [47]
    M. Ferrando-Rocher, J. I. Herranz-Herruzo, A. Valero-Nogueira, et al., “Single-layer circularly-polarized Ka-band antenna using gap waveguide technology,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 3837–3845, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2835639
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(18)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (153) PDF downloads(19) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return