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Feiyan JI, Heng ZHANG, Xiuqiong XING, et al., “Dual-Mode Resonant Sectorial Monopole Antenna with Stable Backfire Gain,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. x, no. x, pp. 1–9, xxxx doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.032
Citation: Feiyan JI, Heng ZHANG, Xiuqiong XING, et al., “Dual-Mode Resonant Sectorial Monopole Antenna with Stable Backfire Gain,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. x, no. x, pp. 1–9, xxxx doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.032

Dual-Mode Resonant Sectorial Monopole Antenna with Stable Backfire Gain

doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.032
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  • Author Bio:

    Feiyan JI was born in Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, China, in 1997. She received the B.E. degree in communication engineering from Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China, in 2019. She is currently pursuing the Ph. D. degree with the Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing, China. Her recent research interests include the complementary antennas theory, multi-mode resonance theory and design approach. (Email: 2022010101@njupt.edu.cn)

    Heng ZHANG was born in Huaian, Jiangsu Province, China, in 1998. He received the B.E. degree in communication engineering from Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China, in 2021. He is currently pursuing the M. E. degree with the Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing, China. His recent research interests include the multi-mode resonance theory and design approach. (Email: 1021010101@njupt.edu.cn)

    Xiuqiong XING was born in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, in 1994. She received the B. S. degree and M. Eng. degree from Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing, China, in 2017 and 2022, respectively. Her recent research interests include the microtrip antennas theory and design approach. (Email: 1219012407@njupt.edu.cn)

    Wenjun LU was born in Jiangmen, Guangdong, China, in 1978. He received Ph.D degree in electronic engineering from the Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), Nanjing, China, in 2007. He has been a Professor with the Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Wireless Communications, NUPT, since 2013. His research interests include antenna theory, antenna design, antenna arrays, and wireless propagation channel modelling. From 2015 to 2016, he invented the design approach to planar endfire circularly polarized antennas. Recently, he has rediscovered the concept of 1-D multi-mode resonant dipoles and advanced the multi-mode resonant design approach to elementary antennas. He is the translator of the Chinese version The Art and Science of Ultrawideband Antennas(by H. Schantz). He has authored three books, Antennas: Concise Theory, Design and Applications(in Chinese, 2014), its 2nd edition of Concise Antennas (in Chinese, 2020), and Multi-Mode Resonant Antennas: Theory, Design, and Applications(in English, 2022). He has authored or co-authored over 200 technical papers published in peer-reviewed international journals and conference proceedings. He was a recipient of the Exceptional Reviewers Award of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION in 2016 and 2020, and the Outstanding Reviewers Award of the AEÜ: Int. J. of Electronics and Communications in 2018. He has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of the International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering since 2014, and an Associate Editor of the Electronics Letters since 2019. He's a committee member of the Antennas Society of Chinese Institute of Electronics (CIE). He's a senior member of the CIE and the IEEE. (Email: wjlu@njupt.edu.cn)

    Lei ZHU received the B. Eng. and M. Eng. Degrees in radio engineering from the Nanjing Institute of Technology (now Southeast University), Nanjing, China, in 1985 and 1988, respectively, and the Ph.D. Degree in electronic engineering from the University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan, in 1993. From 1993 to 1996, he was a Research Engineer with Matsushita-Kotobuki Electronics Industries Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. From 1996 to 2000, he was a Research Fellow with the École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada. From 2000 to 2013, he was an Associate Professor with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He joined the Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau, China, as a Full Professor in August 2013, and has been a Distinguished Professor since December 2016. From August 2014 to August 2017, he served as the Head of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Macau. So far, he has authored or coauthored more than 700 papers in international journals and conference proceedings. His papers have been cited more than 12,500 times with the H-index of 55 (source: Scopus). His research interests include microwave circuits, antennas, periodic structures, and computational electromagnetics. Dr. Zhu was the Associate Editors for the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES (2010-2013) and IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS (2006-2012). He served as a General Chair of the 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop Series on the Art of Miniaturizing RF and Microwave Passive Components, Chengdu, China, and a Technical Program Committee Co-Chair of the 2009 Asia–Pacific Microwave Conference, Singapore. He served as the member of IEEE MTT-S Fellow Evaluation Committee (2013-2015), and as the member of IEEE AP-S Fellows Committee (2015-2017). He was the recipient of the 1997 Asia–Pacific Microwave Prize Award, the 1996 Silver Award of Excellent Invention from Matsushita-Kotobuki Electronics Industries Ltd., the 1993 Achievement Award in Science and Technology (first prize) from the National Education Committee of China, the 2020 FST Research Excellence Award from the University of Macau, and the 2020 Macao Natural Science Award (second prize) from the Science and Technology Development Fund (FDCT), Macau. He is the Fellow of IEEE. (Email: LeiZhu@um.edu.mo)

  • Corresponding author: Email: wjlu@njupt.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2023-02-06
  • Accepted Date: 2023-09-01
  • Available Online: 2023-11-23
  • A novel design approach to wideband, dual-mode resonant monopole antenna with stable, enhanced backfire gain is advanced. The sectorial monopole evolves from a linear, 0.75-wavelength electric prototype monopole under wideband dual-mode resonant operation. As theoretically predicted by the two resonant modes TE3/5,1 and TE9/5,1 within a 150° radiator, the operation principle is revealed at first. As have been numerically demonstrated and experimentally validated at 2.4-GHz band, the designed antenna exhibits a wide impedance bandwidth over 90.1%(i.e., 2.06-5.44 GHz), in which the stable gain bandwidth in the backfire, -$ x $-direction ($ \theta $ = 90°, $ \varphi $ = 180°) with peak value of 3.2 dBi and fluctuation less than 3 dB is up to 45.3% (i.e., 3.74-5.44 GHz). It is concluded that the stable wideband backfire gain frequency response should be owing to the high-order resonant mode in the unique sectorial monopole antennas.
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