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Jingyu YAO, Tao WANG, Bo YANG, et al., “A Distributed Self-tallying Electronic Voting System Using the Smart Contract,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1–14, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.233
Citation: Jingyu YAO, Tao WANG, Bo YANG, et al., “A Distributed Self-tallying Electronic Voting System Using the Smart Contract,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1–14, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.233

A Distributed Self-tallying Electronic Voting System Using the Smart Contract

doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.233
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  • Author Bio:

    Jingyu YAO is currently an M.S. candiate in Software Engineering with the School of Computer Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, China. Her research interests include cryptography and information security. (Email: jingyuyao@snnu.edu.cn)

    Tao WANG received the Ph.D. degree in Computer Science and Technology from Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China, in 2012. He is currently an Associate Professor with the School of Computer Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an. He is also a Research Fellow with the State Key Laboratory of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an, and the Science and Technology on Communication Security Laboratory, Chengdu, China. His research interests include cryptography, blockchain, and information security. (Email: water@snnu.edu.cn)

    Bo YANG received the Ph.D. degree in Cryptography from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 1999. He is currently a Professor with the School of Computer Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an. His research interests include information security and cryptography. (Email: byang@snnu.edu.cn)

    Wenzheng ZHANG is currently a Research Fellow with the Science and Technology On Communication Security Laboratory, Chengdu, China. His research interests include information security and cryptography. (Email: zwz85169038@sina.com)

  • Corresponding author: Email: water@snnu.edu.cn; Email: byang@snnu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-03-22
  • Accepted Date: 2022-03-22
  • Available Online: 2022-03-22
  • For electronic voting(e-voting) with a trusted authority, the ballots may be discarded or tampered, so it is attractive to eliminate the dependence on the trusted party. An e-voting protocol, where the final voting result can be calculated by any entity, is known as self-tallying e-voting protocol. To the best of our knowledge, addressing both abortive issue and adaptive issue simultaneously is still an open problem in self-tallying e-voting protocols. Combining Ethereum blockchain with cryptographic technologies, we present a decentralized self-tallying e-voting protocol. We solve the above problem efficiently by utilizing optimized Group Encryption Scheme and standard Exponential ElGamal Cryptosystem. We use zero-knowledge proof and homomorphic encryption to protect votes’ secrecy and achieve self-tallying. All ballots can be verified by anyone and the final voting result can be calculated by any entity. In addition, using the paradigm of score voting and “1-out-of-K” proof, our e-voting system is suitable for a wide range of application scenarios. Experiments show that our protocol is more competitive and more suitable for large-scale voting.
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