CHENG Lan, CHEN Jie, XIE Gang. Model and Simulation of Multipath Error in DLL for GPS Receiver[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2014, 23(3): 508-515.
Citation: CHENG Lan, CHEN Jie, XIE Gang. Model and Simulation of Multipath Error in DLL for GPS Receiver[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2014, 23(3): 508-515.

Model and Simulation of Multipath Error in DLL for GPS Receiver

Funds:  This work is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Prorince (No.2011011012-2) and the Youth Foundation of Taiyuan University of Technology (No.1205-04020102).
  • Received Date: 2013-01-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-12-01
  • Publish Date: 2014-07-05
  • Although different multipath error models of Delay lock loop (DLL) used in GPS receiver are established, they have never been put together for comparison. Furthermore, no universal simulation method is developed to get a fair comparison among these models. A new model with implicate expression is hence proposed for the coherent DLL and the noncoherent Dot-product (DOT) power mode DLL. Meanwhile, a new simulation method based on the anonymous function in Matlab, which is especially suitable for models with implicit expression, is also proposed to compare the new model with the existing ones. The theoretical analysis and simulation results show that the existing models are the special case of the proposed one. The new simulation method can be used for the comparison of different multipath error models and the multipath error analysis of other DLLs for which only the implicit model is available.
  • loading
  • M. S. Braasch, M. F. Bibenedetto, "Spread-spectrum ranging multipath model validation", IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol.37, No.1, pp.298-304, 2001.
    M. Y. Zhang, B. W. Lv, W. S. Song, "Analyses of multipath effects in the GPS system", Acta Electronic Sinica, Vol.26, No.3, pp.10-14, 1998. (In Chinese)
    L. Y. Liu, M. G. Amin, "Tracking performance and average error analysis of GPS discriminators in multipath", Signal Processing, Vol.89, No.6, pp.1224-1239, 2009.
    M. S. Braasch, "Performance comparison of multipath mitigating receiver architectures", IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, USA, Vol.3, pp.1309-1315, 2001.
    G. Brodin, P. Daly, "GNSS code and carrier tracking in the presence of multipath", International Journal of Satellite Communication, Vol.15, No.1, pp.25-34, 1997.
    L. L. Hagerman, "Effects of multipath on coherent and noncoherent PRN ranging receiver", Aerospace Report TOR-0073(3020-03)-3, Development Planning Division, the Aerospace Corporation, 1973.
    D. J. R. Van Nee, "Spread-spectrum code and carrier synchronization errors caused by multipath and interference", IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol.29, No.4, pp.1359-1365, 1993.
    A. J. Van Dierendonick, "Theory and performance of narrow correlators spacing in GPS receiver", Journal of the Navigation, Vol.39, No.3, pp.265-283, 1992.
    T. J. Yang, S. J. Huang, "Analysis of multipath error in GPS receiver tracking loop", Systems Engineering and Electronics, Vol.24, No.9, pp.13-15, 2002. (in Chinese)
    Z. M. He, Y. H. Hu, J. F. Wu, J. G. Wang, J. Hou, K. Wang, "A comprehensive method for multipath performance analysis of GNSS navigation signals", IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Communications and Computing, Xi'an, China, pp.1-6, 2011.
    L. Y. Liu, M. G. Amin, "GPS DLL discriminator tracking performance in a dominant multipath environment", Proc. of SPIE 6248, Orlando, Florida, USA, DOI:10.1117/12.666737, 2006.
    T. Felhauer, "Comparison of EML and DOT discriminator DLL multipath performance in GPS/GLONASS navigation receivers", Electronics Letters, Vol.33, No.3, pp.179-181, 1997.
    C. Macabiau, B. Roturier, "N-multipath performance of GPS receivers", IEEE Position Location and Navigation Symposium,San Diego, Califoria, USA, Vol.5, pp.41-48, 2000.
    J. K. Kelly, M. S. Braasch, "Validation of theoretical GPS multipath bias characteristics", IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, USA, Vol.3, pp.1317-1325, 2001.
    Y. Jiang, S. F. Zhang, J. B. Zhang, Q. Hu, X. W. Sun, "Multipath effects on the performance of DLL in GNSS receiver". Chinese Journal of Electronics, Vol.19, No.3, pp.543-547, 2010.
    W. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, "Simple model of multi-channel error in GPS measurement", GNSS World of China, No.1, pp.12-15, 2006. (in Chinese)
    J. Selva, "Subspace methods applied to multipath mitigation in a navigation receiver". 50th Vehicular Technology Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Vol.4, pp.2077-2081, 1999.
    X. Liu, C. Pau, J. Liu, X. Hu, "Particle filtering and its application for multipath mitigation with GNSS receivers", Position Location and Navigation Symposium, Indian Wells, California, USA, pp.1168-1173, 2010.
    D. J. R. Van Nee. "Multipath and interference in spreadspectrum tracking systems", IEEE Colloquium on Spread Spectrum Techniques for Radio Communication Systems, London, Britain, Vol.3, pp.11-13, 1992.
    Z. W. Zhang, X. M. Ding, "Anti-multipath performance of narrow correlator technology in GPS spread-spectrum receiver", Aerospace Electronic Warfare, Vol.1, No.24, pp.57-60, 2008. (in Chinese)
    J. Chen, Lan. Cheng, M. G. Gan, "Modeling of GPS code and carrier tracking error in multipath", Chinese Journal of Electronic, Vol.21, No.1, pp.78-84, 2012.
    S. K. Kalyanaraman, J. M. Kelly, M. S. Braasch, "Code tracking architecture influence on GPS carrier multipath", IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol.42, No.2, pp.548-56, 2006.
    X. L. Liu, Y. R. Li, "Multipath impacts and simulations on GPS signals tracking", GNSS World of China, Vol.32, No.1, pp.1-7, 2007. (in Chinese)
    L. Cheng, J. Chen, M. G. Gan, "Modeling and analysis of multipath eliminating technology of PN code ranging receiver", Transactions of Beijing Institute of Technology, Vol.31, No.3, pp.318-323, 2011. (in Chinese)
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (291) PDF downloads(1335) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint