Volume 31 Issue 3
May  2022
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LU Xuyang, Venkatesh Suresh, Saeidi Hooman, Sengupta Kaushik. Integrated Intelligent Electromagnetic Radiator Design for Future THz Communication: A Review[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2022, 31(3): 499-515. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.324
Citation: LU Xuyang, Venkatesh Suresh, Saeidi Hooman, Sengupta Kaushik. Integrated Intelligent Electromagnetic Radiator Design for Future THz Communication: A Review[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2022, 31(3): 499-515. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.324

Integrated Intelligent Electromagnetic Radiator Design for Future THz Communication: A Review

doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.00.324
Funds:  This work was supported in part by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2020YFB1807304), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (62101323), the Guangdong Provincial Key-Field Research Program (2018B010115001), the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (21YF1421300), the Open Project of Guangdong Province Key Lab of Display Material and Technology (2020B1212060030), the Joint Foundation of Key Laboratory of Shanghai Jiao Tong University-Xidian University, Ministry of Education (1015/10241200005)
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  • Author Bio:

    (corresponding author) received the B.S degree in electrical engineering from Rice University, Houston, Tx, USA, in 2014, and the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, in 2016 and 2020, respectively. He joined as a Faculty Member with the University of Michigan–Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, in 2021. His research interests include high-speed programmable RF and mmWave integrated systems, integrated terahertz systems, integrated photonics, on-chip antenna optimization, and machine-learning in analog circuit design. (Email: xuyang.lu@sjtu.edu.cn)

    received the M.S. degree in electrical and computer engineering from North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA, in 2010, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical and computer engineering from The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, in 2017, under the guidance of Prof. David Schurig. He is currently a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Integrated Micro-systems Research Lab, Electrical Engineering Department, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA. He was also a Research Project Assistant at the Molecular Astronomy Laboratory, Raman Research Institute, Bengaluru, India, from 2007 to 2008, where he worked on 10.4-m millimeter-wave radio telescope. His research interests are in electromagnetics, metamaterials, antenna design, integrated circuits, computational imaging, and transformation optics design. Dr. Venkatesh received the ECE Outstanding Dissertation Award in 2016 for his Ph.D. dissertation. He is an active IEEE MTTS volunteer and is serving as the IEEE MTTS YP Region 1–6 coordinator. (Email: sureshv@princeton.edu)

    received the B.S. degree from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, in June 2017. He is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree at ECE Department, Princeton University and his current research interest includes programmability and reconfigurability in novel chip-scale mm-wave and THz systems. He is the Recipient of the Princeton University EE Department 2019 Early Stage Career Award, 2020 Analog Devices Outstanding Student Designer Award, and 2020 Electrical Engineering Department Teaching Award. (Email: hsaeidi@princeton.edu)

    received the B.Tech. and M.Tech. degrees in electronics and electrical communication engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India, in 2007, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA, in 2008 and 2012, respectively. He performed research with the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA, in 2005 and 2006, respectively, where he was involved in nonlinear integrated systems for high-purity signal generation and low-power RF identification tags. He joined the Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, as a Faculty Member, in 2013, where he is currently an Associate Professor and the Director of graduate studies. His current research interests include high-frequency ICs, electromagnetics, and optics for various applications in sensing, imaging, and high-speed communication. (Email: kaushiks@princeton.edu)

  • Received Date: 2021-08-31
  • Accepted Date: 2021-12-28
  • Available Online: 2022-02-24
  • Publish Date: 2022-05-05
  • Advances in 6G communication changes how machines and humans interact. The blossom of new applications demands significantly higher data bandwidth while preserving the mobility and sustainability of electronic wireless communication systems. It also demands an integrable system that allows convenient interactions between communication units and signal processing units. A review of CMOS-based THz communication system solutions is presented, with a focus on novel systematic EM-circuit co-design philosophy. This review starts with a review of THz power generation, followed by the discussion of THz localization and THz beamforming for efficient high-throughput communication.
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