Volume 30 Issue 6
Nov.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
LI Chao, HU Zhijia. Low-Complexity Digital Equalizers for High-Speed Underwater Optical Wireless Communication[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2021, 30(6): 1167-1172. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.08.012
Citation: LI Chao, HU Zhijia. Low-Complexity Digital Equalizers for High-Speed Underwater Optical Wireless Communication[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2021, 30(6): 1167-1172. doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.08.012

Low-Complexity Digital Equalizers for High-Speed Underwater Optical Wireless Communication

doi: 10.1049/cje.2021.08.012

This work is supported by the Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No.1808085MF186).

  • Received Date: 2020-12-16
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-04-04
  • Available Online: 2021-09-23
  • Publish Date: 2021-11-05
  • Hundreds of Megabit per second (Mb/s) data transmission over a moderate range (10m) underwater optical wireless channel is implemented with 4-level pulse amplitude modulation scheme using an off-the-shelf light-emitting diode as the optical source and digital equalizers. In particular, the channel nonlinear distortion from light-emitting diode is considered and a matched model is developed. To mitigate these distortions under various 4-level pulse amplitude modulation signal baud rates, the Bit error rate (BER) and Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) performances of the pre-, post- and matchedequalizers are evaluated and compared. The digital matched-equalizer bank is shown and verified to offer the best BER/SNR performance for 4-level pulse amplitude modulation signal using more than 200 MBaud rate. With the proposed equalizer, we have recorded the highest data rate of 600Mb/s at 20% FEC limit over 10m free-space underwater link.
  • loading
  • H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, "Underwater optical wireless communication", IEEE Access, Vol.4, pp.1518-1547, 2016.
    G. Qiao, S. Xing and F. Zhou, "Selected-mapping peakto-average power reduction method with orthogonal pilot sequences in underwater acoustic OFDM system without side information", Chinese Journal of Electronics, Vol.30, No.1, pp.160-163, 2021.
    P. Jiang, X. Wang and J. Liu, "A sensor redeployment algorithm based on virtual forces for underwater sensor networks", Chinese Journal of Electronics, Vol.27, No.2, pp.413-421, 2018.
    F. Hanson and S. Radic, "High bandwidth underwater optical communication", OSA Applied Optics, Vol.47, No.2, pp.277-283, 2008.
    J. Xu, A. Lin, X. Yu, et al., "Underwater laser communication using an OFDM-modulated 520-nm laser diode", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol.28, No.20, pp.2133-2136, 2016.
    A. Boucouvalas, K. Peppas, K. Yiannopoulos, et al., "Underwater optical wireless communications with optical amplification and spatial diversity", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol.28, No.22, pp.2613-1616, 2016.
    M. Doniec, C. Detweiler, I. Vasilescu, et al., "AquaOptical:A lightweight device for high-rate long-range underwater point-to-point communication", Marine Technology Society Journal, Vol.44, No.4, pp.55-65, 2010.
    J. A. Simpson, W. C. Cox, J. R. Krier, et al., "5 Mbps optical wireless communication with error correction coding for underwater sensor nodes", Proc. of IEEE Oceans, Seattle, WA, USA, pp.1-4, 2010.
    G. Cossu, R. Corsini, A. Khalid, et al., "Experimental demonstration of high speed underwater visible light communications", Proc. of IEEE 2nd International Workshop on Optical Wireless Communications, London, United Kingdom, pp.11-15, 2013.
    H. J. Son, H. S. Choi, N. H. Tran, et al., "Study on underwater wireless communication system using LED", Modern Physics Letters B, Vol.29, No.06n07, DOI:10.1142/S0217984915400230, 2015.
    J. Xu, M. Kong, A. Lin, et al., "OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED", Optics Communications, Vol.369, pp.100-105, 2016.
    P. Tian, X. Liu, S. Yi, et al., "High-speed underwater optical wireless communication using a blue GaN-based micro-LED", OSA Optics Express, Vol.25, No.2, pp.1193-1201, 2017.
    B. Zhuang, C. Li, N. Wu, et al., "First demonstration of 400Mb/s PAM4 signal transmission over 10-meter underwater channel using a blue LED and a digital linear pre-equalizer", OSA Proceedings Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics:Science and Innovations, San Jose, California, United States, DOI:10.1364/CLEO_SI.2017.STh3O.3, 2017.
    D. Chen, Y. Lei and X. Ke, "Performance analysis of wireless optical adaptive subcarrier MDPSK modulation system", Acta Electronica Sinica, Vol.46, No.7, pp.1748-1753, 2018.
    J. Shao, X. Ke and Q. Chen, "A suitable polar coding modulation scheme for atmospheric weak turbulence channel", Acta Electronica Sinica, Vol.44, No.8, pp.1831-1836, 2016.
    J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital communications 5th edition, New York, United States:McGraw Hill, pp.95-120, 2001.
    C. Gabriel, M. A. Khalighi, S. Bourennane, et al., "Monte-Carlo based channel characterization for underwater optical communication systems", OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networks, Vol.5, No.1, pp.1-12, 2013.
    S. Tang, Y. Dong and X. Zhang, "Impulse response modeling for underwater wireless optical communication links", IEEE Transaction on Communications, Vol.62, No.1, pp.226-234, 2014.
    H. Elgala, R. Mesleh and H. Haas, "An LED model for intensity-modulated optical communication systems", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol.22, No.11, pp.835-837, 2010.
    P. Wang, C. Li and Z. Xu, "A cost-efficient real-time 25Mb/s system for LED-UOWC:Design, channel coding, FPGA implementation, and characterization", IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol.36, No.13, pp.2627-2637, 2018.
    Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, et al., "Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCMWDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED", OSA Optics Express, Vol.21, No.1, pp.1203-1208, 2013.
    X. Lu, C. Lu, W. Yu, et al., "Memory-controlled deep LSTM neural network post-equalizer used in high-speed PAM VLC system", OSA Optics Express, Vol.27, No.5, pp.7822-7833, 2019.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (97) PDF downloads(19) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint