Volume 32 Issue 1
Jan.  2023
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ZHANG Rui, XIE Cong, DENG Liwei. A Fine-Grained Object Detection Model for Aerial Images Based on YOLOv5 Deep Neural Network[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2023, 32(1): 51-63. doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.044
Citation: ZHANG Rui, XIE Cong, DENG Liwei. A Fine-Grained Object Detection Model for Aerial Images Based on YOLOv5 Deep Neural Network[J]. Chinese Journal of Electronics, 2023, 32(1): 51-63. doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.044

A Fine-Grained Object Detection Model for Aerial Images Based on YOLOv5 Deep Neural Network

doi: 10.23919/cje.2022.00.044
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (LH2019F024) and the Key R&D Program Guidance Projects of Heilongjiang Province (GZ20210065)
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  • Author Bio:

    Rui ZHANG was born in Harbin, China, in 1970. In 2006, she graduated from Harbin University of Science and Technology, majoring in measurement technology and instrument, and got a Ph.D. degree. In 2011, she completed postdoctoral research in Harbin Institute of Technology. She has been engaged in research work in fields of power quality monitoring, signal processing, target detection, machine learning for a long time. (Email: zr_gh@sina.com)

    Cong XIE was born in Sichuan Province, China, in 1996. He received an M.S. degree candidate in electronic information engineering at Harbin University of Science and Technology. His research interests include digital image processing and deep learning. (Email: mx60610@gmail.com)

    Liwei DENG (corresponding author) was born in 1983. He received the M.S. degree from Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, China, in 2010, and Ph.D. degree from Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China, in 2014. He is currently a Associate Professor with Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, China. His research interests include control science and engineering, fractional order system, digital imaging processing, and deep learning algorithm. (Email: dengliwei666@hrbust.edu.cn)

  • Received Date: 2022-03-15
  • Accepted Date: 2022-06-21
  • Available Online: 2022-07-18
  • Publish Date: 2023-01-05
  • Many advanced object detection algorithms are mainly based on natural scenes object and rarely dedicated to fine-grained objects. This seriously limits the application of these advanced detection algorithms in remote sensing object detection. How to apply horizontal detection in remote sensing images has important research significance. The mainstream remote sensing object detection algorithms achieve this task by angle regression, but the periodicity of angle leads to very large losses in this regression method, which increases the difficulty of model learning. Circular smooth label (CSL) solved this problem well by transforming the regression of angle into a classification form. YOLOv5 combines many excellent modules and methods in recent years, which greatly improves the detection accuracy of small objects. We use YOLOv5 as a baseline and combine the CSL method to learn the angle of arbitrarily oriented targets, and distinguish the fine-grained between instance classes by adding an attention mechanism module to accomplish the fine-grained target detection task for remote sensing images. Our improved model achieves an average category accuracy of 39.2% on the FAIR1M dataset. Although our method does not achieve satisfactory results, this approach is very efficient and simple, reducing the hardware requirements of the model.
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