Volume 33 Issue 2
Mar.  2024
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Chuang HAN, Tong LI, Zhaolin ZHANG, et al., “A Compact Filtering Antenna System with Wide-Angle Scanning Capability for V2I Communication,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 516–526, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.039
Citation: Chuang HAN, Tong LI, Zhaolin ZHANG, et al., “A Compact Filtering Antenna System with Wide-Angle Scanning Capability for V2I Communication,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 516–526, 2024 doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.039

A Compact Filtering Antenna System with Wide-Angle Scanning Capability for V2I Communication

doi: 10.23919/cje.2023.00.039
More Information
  • Author Bio:

    Chuang HAN received the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electronic engineering from Northwestern Polytechnial University (NPU), Xi’an, China, in 2012, 2015 and 2019, respectively. Currently, he works as an Associate Researcher at NPU. His recent research interests include array signal process, antenna analysis and synthesis, satellite communication systems, and satellite navigation systems

    Tong LI received the B.S. and M.S. degrees from NPU in 2016 and 2019, respectively. She is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree at NPU. Her current research interests include wireless communications and satellite communications

    Zhaolin ZHANG received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from NPU in 2000, 2005, and 2012, respectively. He is an Associate Professor with NPU. His research interests include antenna array processing, adaptive antijamming, and multimedia communication

    Ling WANG received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electronic engineering from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 1999, 2002, and 2004, respectively. From 2004 to 2007, he was with Siemens and Nokia Siemens Networks, Espoo, Finland. Since 2007, he has been with NPU as a Professor. Currently, he serves as the Dean of School of Electronics and Information. His current research interests include array processing and smart antennas, wideband communications, cognitive radio, adaptive anti-jamming for satellite communications, satellite navigation, and date link systems

    Guangwei YANG received the B.E., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees all in electronic engineering in NPU in 2012, 2015, 2019, respectively. He is currently working at Queen Mary University of London as a Royal Society-Newton International Fellow. He was a Postdocal Researcher in the Antenna, Propagation and Millimeter-wave Systems (APMS) Section, Aalborg University, Denmark from 2019 to 2020. He also serves as a Reviewer for all the IEEE and IET journals related to antennas. His recent research interests include advanced antenna systems, multi-beam antennas, phased array, lens antennas, mm-wave array antennas for wireless communication, wireless communication, microwave and optical metamaterials, and spatial modulation. (Email: gwyang086@gmail.com)

  • Corresponding author: Email: gwyang086@gmail.com
  • Received Date: 2023-02-11
  • Accepted Date: 2023-05-23
  • Available Online: 2023-07-28
  • Publish Date: 2024-03-05
  • A compact filtering antenna system with wide-angle scanning is proposed for vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication which would handle complex communication scenarios. In this work, a wide beam filtering antenna is realized by using some inductive resistance structures such as metal pins and pillars, and capacitive structures such as slots, parasitical patches to produce the radiation nulls at two sides of the operating frequency band and improve the impedance matching in the passband. Meanwhile, the wide beam capability is also realized by the above structure. Furthermore, two H- and E-plane linear arrays are designed for the beam scanning capability with filtering characteristics based on the proposed antenna. To verify the proposed design concept, a prototype is fabricated and measured. The measurement and simulation agree well, demonstrating an excellent filtering characteristic with the operating frequency band from 3.18 to 3.45 GHz (about 8.1%), the high total efficiency of about 88%, and 3-dB-beamwidth of more than 100° and 120° in the above two arrays, respectively. Additionally, the proposed arrays can realize the beam scanning up to the coverage of 112° and 120° with a lower gain reduction and a good filtering characteristic, respectively.
  • loading
  • [1]
    A. Osseiran, F. Boccardi, V. Braun, et al., “Scenarios for 5G mobile and wireless communications: The vision of the METIS project,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 26–35, 2014. doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2014.6815890
    [2]
    H. H. Yang, J. C. Shang, J. J. Li, et al., “Multi-Traffic Targets Tracking Based on anImproved Structural Sparse Representation with Spatial-Temporal Constraint,” Chinese Journal of Electronics, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 266–276, 2022. doi: 10.1049/cje.2020.00.007
    [3]
    K. Mahler, W. Keusgen, F. Tufvesson, et al., “Tracking of wideband multipath components in a vehicular communication scenario,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 15–25, 2017. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2016.2536999
    [4]
    J. D. Gibson, Mobile Communications Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2012.
    [5]
    K. L. Chung, L. Q. Chen, G. M. Lai, et al., “Three-element circularly polarized MIMO antenna with self-decoupled probing method for B5G-V2X communications,” Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 70, pp. 553–567, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.aej.2023.02.044
    [6]
    M. Noor-A-Rahim, Z. L. Liu, H. Lee, et al., “6G for vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications: Enabling technologies, challenges, and opportunities,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 110, no. 6, pp. 712–734, 2022. doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2022.3173031
    [7]
    B. T. Feng, J. Y. Chen, S. X. Yin, et al., “A tri-polarized antenna with diverse radiation characteristics for 5G and V2X communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 10115–10126, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2020.3005959
    [8]
    J. F. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. F. Li, et al., “Dual-band dual circularly polarized antenna array using FSS-integrated polarization rotation AMC ground for vehicle satellite communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 10742–10751, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2019.2938266
    [9]
    C. X. Mao, S. Gao, and Y. Wang, “Dual-band full-duplex Tx/Rx antennas for vehicular communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 4059–4070, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2017.2789250
    [10]
    L. Ge, S. Gao, Y. J. Li, et al., “A low-profile dual-band antenna with different polarization and radiation properties over two bands for vehicular communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 1004–1008, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2018.2881765
    [11]
    K. Min, S. Park, Y. Jang, et al., “Antenna ratio for sum-rate maximization in full-duplex large-array base station with half-duplex multiantenna users,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 10168–10173, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2016.2539384
    [12]
    Y. Han, W. K. Tang, S. Jin, et al., “Large intelligent surface-assisted wireless communication exploiting statistical CSI,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 8238–8242, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2019.2923997
    [13]
    G. W. Yang and S. Zhang, “A dual-band shared-aperture antenna with wide-angle scanning capability for mobile system applications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 4088–4097, 2021. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2021.3072556
    [14]
    Y. H. Xu, K. M. Luk, A. Li, et al., “A novel compact magneto-electric dipole antenna for millimeter-wave beam steering applications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 11772–11783, 2021. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2021.3114217
    [15]
    R. Wang, B. Z. Wang, X. Ding, et al., “Planar phased array with wide-angle scanning performance based on image theory,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 3908–3917, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2446999
    [16]
    Y. Q. Wen, B. Z. Wang, and X. Ding, “Wide-beam SIW-slot antenna for wide-angle scanning phased array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, pp. 1638–1641, 2016. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2519938
    [17]
    G. W. Yang, J. Y. Li, S. G. Zhou, et al., “A wide-angle E-plane scanning linear array antenna with wide beam elements,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 16, pp. 2923–2926, 2017. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2017.2752713
    [18]
    S. Q. Xiao, C. R. Zheng, M. Li, et al., “Varactor-loaded pattern reconfigurable array for wide-angle scanning with low gain fluctuation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 2364–2369, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2410311
    [19]
    M. Wang, S. H. Xu, N. Hu, et al., “Design and measurement of a Ku-band pattern-reconfigurable array antenna using 16 O-slot patch elements with p-i-n diodes,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2373–2377, 2020. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2020.3033355
    [20]
    Z. J. Chen, Z. Y. Song, H. W. Liu, et al., “A compact phase-controlled pattern-reconfigurable dielectric resonator antenna for passive wide-angle beam scanning,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 2981–2986, 2021. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2020.3030549
    [21]
    L. Gu, Y. W. Zhao, Q. M. Cai, et al., “Scanning enhanced low-profile broadband phased array with radiator-sharing approach and defected ground structures,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 5846–5854, 2017. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2017.2754321
    [22]
    G. W. Yang, J. Y. Li, R. Xu, et al., “Improving the performance of wide-angle scanning array antenna with a high-impedance periodic structure,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, pp. 1819–1822, 2016. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2537850
    [23]
    R. L. Xia, S. W. Qu, P. F. Li, et al., “Wide-angle scanning phased array using an efficient decoupling network,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 11, pp. 5161–5165, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2476342
    [24]
    P. Cheong, K. F. Chang, W. W. Choi, et al., “A highly integrated antenna-triplexer with simultaneous three-port isolations based on multi-mode excitation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 363–386, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2364299
    [25]
    C. X. Mao, S. Gao, Y. Wang, et al., “Compact highly integrated planar duplex antenna for wireless communications,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 2006–2013, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2016.2574338
    [26]
    Y. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, and Q. H. Liu, “A six-port dual-function RF device with four-element MIMO antenna array and bandpass filter operations,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 4549–4559, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2972400
    [27]
    W. C. Yang, M. Z. Xun, W. Q. Che, et al., “Novel compact high-gain differential-fed dual-polarized filtering patch antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 12, pp. 7261–7271, 2019. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2930213
    [28]
    S. J. Yang, Y. M. Pan, L. Y. Shi, et al., “Millimeter-wave dual-polarized filtering antenna for 5G application,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 7, pp. 5114–5121, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2975534
    [29]
    G. Liu, Y. M. Pan, and X. Y. Zhang, “Compact filtering patch antenna arrays for marine communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 11408–11418, 2020. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2020.3010531
    [30]
    W. B. Pan, C. Huang, P. Chen, et al., “A beam steering horn antenna using active frequency selective surface,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 6218–6223, 2013. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2013.2280592
    [31]
    G. W. Yang, J. Y. Li, J. J. Yang, et al., “A wide beamwidth and wideband magnetoelectric dipole antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 6724–6733, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2870428
    [32]
    D. M. Pozar, “The active element pattern,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1176–1178, 1994. doi: 10.1109/8.310010
    [33]
    Spectrum Control, “980 coaxial phase shifter,” Available at: https://www.apitech.com/products//rf-solutions/phase-shifters/980-coaxial-phase-shifters/.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(26)  / Tables(1)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (231) PDF downloads(23) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return